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Bengali (Bangla) Music Composer
Salil Chowdhury was a famous Hindi and Bengali composer, poet and a playwright. He was born on November 19, 1922 and died on September 5, 1995, just before his 73rd birthday. He was widely recognized and acknowledged in the Bombay film industry as one of the most prodigious composers ever.
He was also an accomplished arranger and was proficient in several musical instruments, including flute, the piano, and the esraj. Regarded as one in the league of intellectuals having born in the state of West Bengal, he was also widely acclaimed and admired for his inspirational and original poetry. He was fondly and reverently called Salilda in Bollywood.
Since Do Bigha Zameen, he has composed for over 75 Hindi films, over 40 Bengali films, around 26 Malayalam films, and several Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Oriya and Assamese films. To the music connoisseurs, he was better known as the non-conformist music composer whose unceasing search for perfection towered above everything else in his life.
Salil's music was a unique blending of the Eastern and the Western music traditions
He had once said, I want to create a style which shall transcend borders - a genre which is emphatic and polished, but never predictable.
He dabbled in a lot of things and it was his ambition to achieve greatness in everything he did. But at times, his confusion was fairly evident – I do not know what to opt for: poetry, story writing, orchestration or composing for films. I just try to be creative with what fits the moment and my temperament.
He became an excellent self-taught flute player and his favourite composer was Mozart. His compositions often used folk melodies or melodies based on Indian classical ragas but the orchestration was very much western in its construction. He developed a unique style which was immediately identifiable.
Rabindra Nath Tagore
Rabindra Nath Tagore [7 May 1861 (25 Boisakh 1268) - 7 August 1941 (22 Shravan 1348)], also fondly referred to as 'Kobi Guru' or 'Gurudev' was born in Jorasanko, Kolkata. His parents were Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He was a poet, visual artist, playwright, novelist, educator, social reformer, nationalist, business-manager and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tagore's efforts included his vast literary canvass, where he also founded, Visva-Bharati University at Shantiniketan. He became Asia's first Nobel laureate at 1913 in field of Literature. Two of Tagore's compositions Jana Gana Mana and Amar Shonar Bangla are the national anthems of India and Bangladesh.
Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam (25 May 1899 - 29 August 1976) was a Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary, and philosopher who pioneered poetic works, triggering spiritual rebellion against orthodoxy and oppression. His poetry and nationalist activism earned him the popular title of Bidrohi Kobi or Rebel Poet. Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works, Nazrul is officially recognized as the national poet of Bangladesh and commemorated in India. Nazrul's writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution. He opposed bigotry, including religious and gender. He pioneered new forms of poems, such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music of nearly 4,000 songs. His songs are collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Nazrul songs), which are widely popular today.
Last modified: Saturday, September 18, 2010