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Bengali Poet - Banglar Kobi 

Rabindra Nath Tagore

 

Rabindra Nath Tagore [7 May 1861 (25 Boisakh 1268) - 7 August 1941 (22 Shravan 1348)], also fondly referred to as 'Kobi Guru' or 'Gurudev' was born in Jorasanko, Kolkata. His parents were Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He was a poet, visual artist, playwright, novelist, educator, social reformer, nationalist, business-manager and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tagore's efforts included his vast literary canvass, where he also founded, Visva-Bharati University at Shantiniketan. He became Asia's first Nobel laureate at 1913 in field of Literature. Two of Tagore's compositions Jana Gana Mana and Amar Shonar Bangla are the national anthems of India and Bangladesh.

 

 

Kazi Nazrul Islam

 

Kazi Nazrul Islam (25 May 1899 - 29 August 1976) was a Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary, and philosopher who pioneered poetic works, triggering spiritual rebellion against orthodoxy and oppression. His poetry and nationalist activism earned him the popular title of Bidrohi Kobi or Rebel Poet. Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works, Nazrul is officially recognized as the national poet of Bangladesh and commemorated in India. Nazrul's writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution. He opposed bigotry, including religious and gender. He pioneered new forms of poems, such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music of nearly 4,000 songs. His songs are collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Nazrul songs), which are widely popular today.  

 

Jibanananda Das

 

Jibanananda Das (1899-1954) was the most important Bengali poet of the post-Tagore era. Nevertheless, he remains a poet little known outside West Bengal and Bangladesh; mainly due to the absence of competent translations into English and other languages ( by far,the best translations have been done by prof.Clinton B. Seely, at the University of Chicago ).

 His collections of poems include-

Jhora Palok (Fallen Feathers), 1927
Dhushor Pandulipi (Grey Manuscript), 1936
Bonolota Sen, 1942
Mohaprithibi (Great Universe), 1944
Shaat-ti Tarar Timir, 1948
Ruposhi Bangla (Beautiful Bengal), written in 1934, published posthumously in 1957
Bela Obela Kalbela (Times, Bad Times, End Times), 1961
Aloprithibi (The World of Light), 1984

His Best Poems won the Indian Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955.

 

 

     

Shamsur Rahman


Shamsur Rahman (1929 2006), great Bengali poet :
 

Shamsur Rahman (1929 2006) born on 23 October 1929, the greatest Bengali poet and journalist of his generation, who has died at 17 August, 2006, aged 76, was a man of paradoxes. The author of more than 60 books of poems and many prose works, he gave in his writing an impression of effortless eloquence. Shamsur Rahman was born on October 23, 1929 at Mahuttuli in Dhaka. He was the fourth among thirteen children of late Mokhlesur Rahman Chowdhury. Rahman studied at Pogos School from where he passed his matriculation in 1945. He passed the intermediate from Dhaka College. Rahman started writing poetry after graduating from Dhaka College at the age of 18. He studied English literature at Dhaka University (DU) and passed the BA in 1953. He also received his MA securing the second place in second class. Rahman had a long career as a journalist and was the editor of the now defunct Dainik Bangla and weekly Bichitra. Shamsur Rahman started composing poetry at a time when most people, particularly the Bangalee Muslims, were not aware of the development of modern poetry. He started on the ground prepared by the poets of the 1930s and developed and added new features to Bangla poetry. He popularised modern Bangla poetry among the general mass by successfully expressing their emotion about the country, its people and their language. His Shadhinota Tumi poem becomes eternal in Banglalis society. Shadhinota tumi Robi Ţhakurer jor kobita, obinashi gan Shadhinota tumi Kazi Nozrul, jhakŗa chuler babri dolano mhan purush srishţi-shukher ullashe kpa ... ( Freedom, You : Freedom, you are the immortal poems and songs of Rabindranath Freedom, you are Kazi Nazrul, the great man with waving unkempt hair, raptured in your joy of creation ...)   

 

 

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                                            Last modified: Saturday, September 18, 2010